作者:Ryan (「樂活新中年」創辦人)

經濟學人(The Economists) 發表題為"SHIFTING DEMOGRAPHICS: A global study on creating inclusive environments for ageing populations"的白皮書,探討如何讓中老年人更好地參與社會,好一些想法都適用於香港的安事務政策,以下抽取部份要點跟大家分享。

全文內容: https://ageingshift.economist.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Ageing-Shift_Shifting-demographics-whitepaper_FINAL.pdf

Enabling adults to age well begins with taking a broad view of how society supports older members, not just focusing on the health system. As a whole, the G20 countries perform best in providing adaptive healthcare systems and worst in providing inclusive social structures and institutions, indicating that countries still have work to do to shift the focus towards building more welcoming societies for older adults as they age. Countries also have room to grow to provide more accessible economic opportunities to older workers.

Government data collection isn’t yet robust enough to fully define and identify the problem and opportunity. There are a lack of data on dedicated health professionals, the extent of isolation and

loneliness, as well as mental health.

The SHIFT Index identified several priority areas that may form the basis of policy responses to improve the environment for older adults:

1. Collect better data: Countries should collect and publish detailed, age-disaggregated health and economic data annually so policymakers can develop evidence-based programs and policies.

2. Address poverty among older people: Some older adults choose to work longer, others must. Governments can ensure the financial health and security of older adults by creating more inclusive work environments. This starts with removing barriers to working longer that exist in some markets.

3. Prevent a care crisis among the elderly: The provision of care for older adults—both formal and informal—and the accessibility of, or access to, long-term care is ill-defined and is an area for further research.

4. Enable older people’s voices to be heard: The views and needs of older people are not routinely collected and they are not represented well in policy consultation.

5. Address age-related discrimination: Few countries categorise age-discrimination as a crime outside of employment practices. Fighting discrimination as well as physical, emotional and financial abuse of older adults, will encourage greater social cohesion across generations.

6. Support training and upskilling of older people: Supporting older people with the skills and help needed to navigate increasingly complex and digitised health and social care systems should be an area of focus.